Whether it’s for dental cleaning, checkup or tooth extraction, most people go to the general dental practitioner for all their health care needs. These dentists have been trained to provide dental services to young and old alike, treating healthy and not-so-healthy mouths. However, just like every other branch of medicine, dentistry has become more specialized, separate creative fields of practice for specific dental care needs.
When your dentist checks your overall oral health condition, sometimes, they see something that will make them recommend that you see a specialist. The specialist has good knowledge about the specific concern that you may have. Their knowledge and skills are essential for the restoration and maintenance of your oral health condition. The Canadian Dental Association (CDA) now recognizes nine dental specializations in Canada. Here are some of them in a list:
· Dental Public Health
This is the branch of dentistry that concerns itself with the diagnosis, control of dental diseases and prevention whenever possible. They also promote good oral health care practices through organized community efforts. Health programs, research and dental health care education are just some of the many ways Dental Public Health practitioners can reach out to the public. The dental programs they organize together bring information closer to the people in the community.
It is the branch of dentistry that is concerned with the morphology, pathology, and physiology of the dental pulp and its surrounding tissues. The study and practice of Endodontics cover basic clinical sciences, etiology and the diagnosis, early detection, and prevention of unwanted diseases and injuries to oral health particularly the pulp and the periradicular tissues.
Orthodontics is the branch of dentistry that specializes in mature dentofacial structures and diagnosis. It is particularly interested in the abnormalities associated with the structures in the mouth. They aim to provide diagnosis, prevention, and treatment of these abnormalities to help patients live with healthier teeth and gums.
· Pediatric Dentistry
It is the branch of dentistry that serves its knowledge and skills to alleviate dental concerns on children. Their primary goal is to provide comprehensive, preventive and therapeutic oral health care diagnosis. They specialize in the needs of infants and children, but can also cater to kids in their adolescence. Pediatric dentists also provide children with special needs.
It is the branch of dentistry that deals with the tissues surrounding the teeth. The practice helps to diagnose, prevent and find treatment for the diseases that may leave the gums unhealthy, which then leads to tooth loss. The goal is to provide alternative structures to keep the teeth in place and to stop the disease from further infecting the other parts of the teeth.